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Castillo de San Marcos
Castillo de San Marcos National Monument, Florida

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Castillo San Marcos

Castillo San Marcos

Castillo San Marcos glacis, moat, and a bastion on the side facing the city gate. The glacis (slope) allows the cannon to fire parallel to the ground used by attackers.

Castillo de San Marcos National Monument, St Augustine, Florida

Date photographed: March 25, 2015
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Castillo San Marcos on the Matanzas River

Castillo San Marcos on the Matanzas River

An empty moat behind the seawall on the Matanzas River at Castillo de San Marcos.

Castillo de San Marcos National Monument, St Augustine, Florida

Date photographed: March 25, 2015
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Castillo San Marcos protected St Augustine

Castillo San Marcos protected St Augustine

Castillo de San Marcos was built to protect the settlement of St Augustine from attacks coming up the river.

Castillo de San Marcos National Monument, St Augustine, Florida

Date photographed: March 25, 2015
See location in Google Maps

Cannons at Castillo de San Marcos

Cannons at Castillo de San Marcos

There are a variety of cannons at Castillo de San Marcos. Green cannons are made of bronze, black ones are iron.

Castillo de San Marcos National Monument, St Augustine, Florida

Date photographed: March 25, 2015
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The fort could hold the population of the town

The fort could hold the population of the town

In time of crisis the central area of the fort could hold the entire population of the town as well as the fort's garrrison.

Castillo de San Marcos National Monument, St Augustine, Florida

Date photographed: March 25, 2015
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Castillo San Marcos is a star shaped fortification

Castillo San Marcos is a star shaped fortification

Castillo San Marcos is a Vauban-style star shape fortification with four bastions and a ravelin. Cannons on the terreplein shot through embrasures in the curtain wall.

Castillo de San Marcos National Monument, St Augustine, Florida

Date photographed: March 25, 2015
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Castillo glacis and moat

Castillo glacis and moat

The landward two sides of the castillo are completely surrounded by both moat and glacis. The short cannon shown here is a mortar.

Castillo de San Marcos National Monument, St Augustine, Florida

Date photographed: March 25, 2015
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Belltower on a bastion at Castillo de San Marcos

Belltower on a bastion at Castillo de San Marcos

There is a belltower at the point of one of the riverside bastions. The smaller structures on the other three corners are garritas.

Castillo de San Marcos National Monument, St Augustine, Florida

Date photographed: March 25, 2015
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Chapel in the interior of the fortress

Chapel in the interior of the fortress

One of the interior rooms was used as a chapel by the Spanish and the English in turn.

Castillo de San Marcos National Monument, St Augustine, Florida

Date photographed: March 25, 2015
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Period costume interpreters at Castillo de San Marcos

Period costume interpreters at Castillo de San Marcos

Interpreters in period costume demonstrate aspects of 17th century life in the castle.

Castillo de San Marcos National Monument, St Augustine, Florida

Date photographed: March 25, 2015
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Drawbridge, sally port, and ravelin

Drawbridge, sally port, and ravelin

The fort's only entrance is across this drawbridge to the sally port. The drawbrige is protected by a ravelin, a small separate fortification within the moat.

Castillo de San Marcos National Monument, St Augustine, Florida

Date photographed: March 25, 2015
See location in Google Maps

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