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Fort Frederica National Monument
Georgia

Fearing attack from the Spanish colonies in Florida and the Caribbean, in 1736 James Oglethorpe built Fort Frederica on St Simons Island. In 1742 two Spanish attacks were repelled.

The settlement was carefully planned with a grid of streets and a star-shaped fort on the river bank. At its peak it had a garrision of 650 soldiers and about 500 townspeople. But it was not a good location and after the military was withdrawn it withered and by 1760 it was abandoned.

Its historical value was recognized and excavations conducted in the 1930's. Since 1936 it has been administered by the National Park Service as a National Monument.

Wikipedia: Fort Frederica National Monument on Wikipedia.

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Visitor Center at Fort Frederica National Monument

Visitor Center at Fort Frederica National Monument

Fort Frederica was excavated and opened to the public by the WPA in the 1930's.

Fort Frederica National Monument, Georgia

Date photographed: April 1, 2015
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The moat at Fort Frederica

The moat at Fort Frederica

The locations of the moat, stockade, and defensive rampart can still be discerned at Fort Frederica.

Fort Frederica National Monument, Georgia

Date photographed: April 1, 2015
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The central avenue at Fort Frederica

The central avenue at Fort Frederica

The central avenue of Fort Frederica, which with 500 people was a substantial population center in its day.

Fort Frederica National Monument, Georgia

Date photographed: April 1, 2015
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Fort Frederica retains mere traces of its historic past

Fort Frederica retains mere traces of its historic past

Nothing remains of the town of Fort Frederica, abandoned in the 1760's, except foundations.

Fort Frederica National Monument, Georgia

Date photographed: April 1, 2015
See location in Google Maps

Interpretive signs at Fort Frederica

Interpretive signs at Fort Frederica

Items uncovered during excavation of the fort by the WPA are displayed near where they were found.

Fort Frederica National Monument, Georgia

Date photographed: April 1, 2015
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Soldiers' barracks at Fort Frederica

Soldiers' barracks at Fort Frederica

One coquina (shell limestone) wall remains of the soldiers' barracks at Fort Frederica.

Fort Frederica National Monument, Georgia

Date photographed: April 1, 2015
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The King's Magazine at Fort Frederica

The King's Magazine at Fort Frederica

The partly-restored King's Magazine at Fort Frederica is made of coquina stone blocks.

Fort Frederica National Monument, Georgia

Date photographed: April 1, 2015
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A well inside the star-shaped stockade at Fort Frederica

A well inside the star-shaped stockade at Fort Frederica

A Vauban-style star-shaped fort of earthen embankments was built on the Frederica River to protect British interests in Georgia.

Fort Frederica National Monument, Georgia

Date photographed: April 1, 2015
See location in Google Maps

Small cannons once again point out over the Frederica River from St Simons Island

Small cannons once again point out over the Frederica River from St Simons Island

Fort Frederica was in its day the southernmost outpost of the British colonies on the east coast.

Fort Frederica National Monument, Georgia

Date photographed: April 1, 2015
See location in Google Maps

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