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Fort Pulaski on the Savannah River
Fort Pulaski National Monument, Georgia

Fort Pulaski was named for Polish cavalry officer Kazimierz Pulaski who fought with George Washington in the American Revolution. It was built after the war of 1812 as part of the Third System of coastal defenses to defend the city of Savannah and the state of Georgia against attack by the British or Spanish. Constructed of brick, when it was finished in 1847 it was considered state of the art.

When the Civil War began the Confederacy took control of Fort Pulaski. A Union force bombarded it from Tybee Island a few miles away and due to the efficacy of their new rifled cannons forced a surrender within 30 hours. Union forces held Pulaski, and blockaded Savannah, for the remainder of the war.

Fort Pulaski was thus considered obsolete by the end of the Civil War and used only as a prison for the rest of the century. It was declared a national monument in 1924 and restored and stabilized by the CCC in the 1930's.

Wikipedia: Fort Pulaski National Monument on Wikipedia.

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Causeway to Fort Pulaski on Cockspur Island

Causeway to Fort Pulaski on Cockspur Island

Fort Pulaski was built on Cockspur Island, strategically located near the mouth of the Savannah River.

Fort Pulaski National Monument, Georgia

Date photographed: March 29, 2015
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Fort Pulaski west entrance

Fort Pulaski west entrance

The fort is approached across a moat and through earthworks on the inland side.

Fort Pulaski National Monument, Georgia

Date photographed: March 29, 2015
See location in Google Maps

Drawbridge to the outer wall of Fort Pulaski

Drawbridge to the outer wall of Fort Pulaski

Fort Pulaski is entered via a drawbridge over the moat then through a doorway with a portcullis in the massive brick wall.

Fort Pulaski National Monument, Georgia

Date photographed: March 29, 2015
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Guard room next to Fort Pulaski's main gate

Guard room next to Fort Pulaski's main gate

Guards lived in a room next to the fort entrance, with a door giving access to the drawbridge mechanism.

Fort Pulaski National Monument, Georgia

Date photographed: March 29, 2015
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Artillery on display at Fort Pulaski

Artillery on display at Fort Pulaski

A variety of nineteenth century artillery pieces are on display at Fort Pulaski, including this field piece and nearby mortar.

Fort Pulaski National Monument, Georgia

Date photographed: March 29, 2015
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Fort Pulaski displays artillery of various ages

Fort Pulaski displays artillery of various ages

Fort Pulaski's original armament proved unequal to the challenge of new rifled cannons used by attacking Union forces.

Fort Pulaski National Monument, Georgia

Date photographed: March 29, 2015
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Massive cannons fired through narrow slots at ground level

Massive cannons fired through narrow slots at ground level

The noise level inside these brick catacombs during an artillery barrage must have been incredible.

Fort Pulaski National Monument, Georgia

Date photographed: March 29, 2015
See location in Google Maps

A crane for lifting cannons on and off their carriages

A crane for lifting cannons on and off their carriages

Even a medium-size 32 pound cannon (the weight of the ball) weighed over three tons.

Fort Pulaski National Monument, Georgia

Date photographed: March 29, 2015
See location in Google Maps

Inside the lower level at Fort Pulaksi

Inside the lower level at Fort Pulaksi

Fortifications such as Fort Pulaski are marvels of massive brickwork, in this case an estimated 25 million bricks in walls up to eleven feet thick.

Fort Pulaski National Monument, Georgia

Date photographed: March 29, 2015
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Looking down on the north entrance to Fort Pulaski

Looking down on the north entrance to Fort Pulaski

The earthworks in the demilune on the inland side were built after Union troops captured the fort during the Civil War.

Fort Pulaski National Monument, Georgia

Date photographed: March 29, 2015
See location in Google Maps

Top of the ramparts at Fort Pulaski

Top of the ramparts at Fort Pulaski

One can walk around the entire perimeter of the fort on the top level.

Fort Pulaski National Monument, Georgia

Date photographed: March 29, 2015
See location in Google Maps

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