360° VR Panoramas of Marin and the North Bay Counties
Hawk Hill
Golden Gate National Recreation Area, California

Every fall migrating raptors (hawks and eagles) soar across the Golden Gate strait at this point, utilizing the updraft caused by the 900 foot ridge. Volunteers and the Golden Gate Raptor Observatory have been monitoring the migration since the 1970's, counting over 30,000 individuals yearly.

World War II gun emplacements and their approach tunnels burrow under the ridgetops. Battery Project 129, directly under Hawk Hill, was not formally named because it was never armed - by the time it was ready the threat of Japanese invasion had vanished and the monstrous guns were diverted to battleships. The 16-inch guns had barrels 67 feet long and could hurl a one ton shell up to 26 miles.


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On the bluffs near Battery Rathbone, midway between the Golden Gate Bridge and Point Bonita.

On the bluffs near Battery Rathbone, midway between the Golden Gate Bridge and Point Bonita.

On the bluffs near Battery Rathbone

Marin Headlands, Golden Gate National Recreation Area, California

Date photographed: March 28, 2001
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World War II gun emplacements at Battery Rathbone, six inch guns designed to protect the mine fields at the entrance to the Golden Gate.

World War II gun emplacements at Battery Rathbone, six inch guns designed to protect the mine fields at the entrance to the Golden Gate.

The gun emplacements at Battery Rathbone

Marin Headlands, Golden Gate National Recreation Area, California

Date photographed: March 28, 2001
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Battery Project 129 gun emplacement under Hawk Hill
6-inch coastal defense guns at Battery Project 129.

Battery Project 129 gun emplacement under Hawk Hill 6-inch coastal defense guns at Battery Project 129.

One of two hardened emplacements for 16-inch coastal defense guns at Battery Project 129. Before the project was completed the ordnance was obsolete and the huge guns were never installed.

Marin Headlands, Golden Gate National Recreation Area, California

Date photographed: November 2, 2011
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Battery 129 under Hawk Hill

Battery 129 under Hawk Hill

Battery 129 under Hawk Hill, and a vertiginous flight of steps leads west towards Point Bonita.

Marin Headlands, Golden Gate National Recreation Area, California

Date photographed: November 2, 2011
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East end of Hawk Hill and the Golden Gate Bridge

East end of Hawk Hill and the Golden Gate Bridge

The east end of Hawk Hill, with a Cold War era radar site and view of the Golden Gate Bridge.

Marin Headlands, Golden Gate National Recreation Area, California

Date photographed: November 2, 2011
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West end of Hawk Hill and the Golden Gate

West end of Hawk Hill and the Golden Gate

The west end of Hawk Hill and its awe-inspiring view of the Golden Gate strait to the south, and the near-wilderness of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area to the north.

Marin Headlands, Golden Gate National Recreation Area, California

Date photographed: November 2, 2011
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